Agriculture is the most important sector for income and employment generation. It contributes about 40 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and shares major portion in the country’s export. About 81 per cent of the total population derives its livelihood from agriculture and its allied activities. Quality seeds supply of high yielding varieties have a vital role to maintain the food security in the country.
Many proposals were formulated and submitted to the government for the development of seed industry. First proposal was submitted on dated July 1988, called SEED STRETEGY PAPER FOR THE BASIC NEEDS PROGRAM published by National Seed Board (NSB). That report proposed splitting the Agriculture Inputs Corporation (Seed business) from its main fertilizer business, and forming a separate Seed Corporation. National Seed Seminars, a study commissioned by Seed Production and Marketing Project/GTZ in 1997, a report of the commercialization and management advisor of Seed Sector Support Project/Department for International Development UK advised to modernize and commercialize the seed business by splitting the AIC in June 1998. In 1999 the government decided to split the corporation. But formally it was registered at registrar office on 8th May 2002 as a National Seed Company (NSC) Ltd., under company Act 1996 with some major objectives.
- To produce, procure, process, store and sell seeds of all classes from foundation to improved cereals, vegetables and other seeds in commercial basis for agricultural production;
- Import and export of improved seeds;
- Conduct trial, experiment, study program and also commence necessary training and provide advisory services for betterment of seed business; and launch seed multiplication program of cereal, vegetable and leguminous crops in prevailing geographical condition of the country;
- Sell improved seeds in bulk to private seed companies in its own name;
- Produce breeder seeds in coordination with related agencies;
- Commence production, distribution and sales promotion activities either by its own resource or in joint venture;
- Handle insecticides and fungicides needed to agriculture sector;
- As per the company’s objective to launch seed production, processing, import and export of seeds, and also maintain buffer seed stocking, if it needs some approval from the concerning agency, get it approved.
The newly registered Public Seed Company is a basis of a national seed industry. It runs from the beginning on fully commercial lines, with its primary purpose being satisfied the needs of all Nepalese farmers for improved seeds. It will also maintain nation’s sovereignty by avoiding seed imports through assuring supply of sufficient quantity of quality seeds (non-profitable main food crop) of national priority exclusively used by very resource poor farmers.
The company functions independently under the supervision and control of its board of directors, which is chaired by the joint secretary from ministry of agriculture and co-operative, represented by ministry of finance and seed expert from the private sector. At present, there are five members in the board of directors including Managing Director of the company. The Managing Director is the chief executive of the company. At central level, the organization has the following functional setup.